Great Bear is the largest lake in Canada, and the eighth largest on Earth. It has a surface area of 31,153 square kilometres – bigger than Belgium. It contains enough water to fill more than one billion Olympic-sized swimming pools. And its shoreline stretches 2,719 kilometres. That’s the distance from Montreal to Miami, meaning there's plenty of pretty waterfront on which to pitch your tent.
The bottom of Great Bear is 1,463 feet down – deeper than Lake Superior. But it’s just a puddle compared to its abyssal brother, Great Slave. Not far offshore from the town of Łutselk’e, an underwater canyon in Great Slave’s Christie Bay plunges two-thirds of a kilometre below the surface. That’s deep enough to submerge the CN Tower. No one quite knows what carved the canyon (glacial action? a continental rift?), nor exactly how far down it goes. The official figure is 2,014 feet, but recent bathymetric studies suggest certain pockets descend many dozens of feet deeper.
Here be monsters. Great Slave is crawling with huge trout and pike, but if you want to be in the record books, push further north to Great Bear. That’s where, in 1991, Lloyd Bull reeled in the world’s biggest sport-caught laker: a 72-pound behemoth. Even larger Great Bear trout are out there. In 2009, a local subsistence fisherman netted a confirmed 84-pounder, and stories abound of fish as long as a man.
The Northwest Territories is the best place on Earth to watch the Northern Lights. And the best Northern Lights of all are viewed from out on Great Slave Lake. Sign up for an Aurora tour by boat in late summer or by dogsled or snowmobile in winter. Your guides will take you onto the big lake, far from the bright glare of town, where you’ll have a front row seat at nature's own lightshow, shimmying from horizon to horizon.
Scenic waterside towns dot the shores of Great Slave. In Hay River, the North’s commercial fishing and barge fleets ply the sandy waterfront. In Lutselk’e, Chipewyan hunters, anglers and fishing guides draw sustenance from the deep. In Fort Resolution, historic buildings gaze over the lake, harkening back to the days when the town was the North’s trading epicentre. In Yellowknife, modern skyscrapers loom above the waves. And up on Great Bear, there’s just one town – deeply traditional Délįne, where locals see it as their sacred duty to protect these pristine waters.
Meaning “Land of the Ancestors,” Thaidene Nëné is a park-in-waiting, slated for federal and territorial protection in the next few years. The park will guard the glorious East Arm of Great Slave Lake – 27,000 square kilometres of spectacular and pristine waterways, forests and Canadian Shield.
Great Slave and Great Bear are a paddling paradise. On Great Slave, the North Arm beckons with aquamarine waters and a million islands, while the East Arm is legendary among kayakers for its dramatic cliffs, big fish and beautiful bays. Paddlers are more rare on Great Bear, but remarkable journeys are available – for example, from Délįne to mountains of Saoyú-ʔehdacho National Historic Site.
The frozen surface of Great Bear Lake is the place where hockey was born. The earliest-ever reference to the game was made in the journals of Sir John Franklin, who wintered in Délįne in the mid-1820s. Writing home to Britain, Franklin noted that his men were playing “hockey on the ice” to keep their spirits up. Nowadays, winter visitors can recreate that original game of shinny: The lake is frozen at least eight months a year.
Would you believe that four festivals happen on Great Slave Lake? Not on the lakeshore – we mean right on the surface of the lake itself. The SnowKing Winter Festival, the Long John Jamboree, the Dog Island Floating Film Festival and, at the mouth of the Hay River, the Polar Pond Hockey Tournament. Between them all, you’ll never want to return to dry land.